Tag Archives: word problems

Primary 6 August Problem Sums 9

P6-PSP-Aug-Ex 9

Ans:

1– 28 cm

Square num­bers are 1, 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, 81, etc …

The two pos­si­ble square num­bers that add to 74 are 25 and 49

5 cm × 5 cm = 25 cm²

7 cm × 7 cm = 49 cm²

7 cm × 4 = 28 cm

 

2–  355 more marbles

Num­ber of boys –>  3 + 5 = 8

Units of mar­bles each girl received –> 1u

Units of mar­bles each boy received –>  1u + 30

Total received by the 8 chil­dren –>  1u × 3 + (1u + 30) × 5 = 8u + 150

8u + 150 mar­bles ->  570 marbles

8u –>  570 — 150 = 420 marbles

1u –>  102.5 marbles

(5u + 150) — 3u = 2u + 150

(102.5 × 2) + 150 = 355 more marbles

 

3–  $71.50

7 duri­ans + 10 man­goes –> $57

[1 durian + 1 mango –>  $7.50] × 7
–>  7 duri­ans + 7 man­goes –>  $52.50

There­fore, $57 — $52.50 = $4.50 –>  3 mangoes

1 mango–>  $4.50/ 3 = $1.50

1 durian –>  $7.50 — $1.50 = $6

4 duri­ans + 3 man­goes –>  $6 × 4+ $1.50 × 3 = $28.50

$100 — $28.50 = $71.50

 

4–  15 : 6 : 10

Red   :  Blue                      Blue   :   Pur­ple
5      :     2                             3      : 5

–>  15    :     6                             6      : 10

Red   :   Blue   :   Pur­ple
15   :    6    : 10

 

5–  56 cm

Height of water level at first –>  5/8 × 64 cm = 40 cm

1600 cm³ ÷ (10 × 10) cm² = 16 cm

16 cm + 40 cm = 56 cm

 

6–  200 cook­ies

[Con­stant Difference]

At first:

Joanna –>  250 cookies

Sharon ->  350 cookies

In the end –>        Joanna  :  Sharon
3       : 5

2u –> 100

1u –> 50

8u –>  50 × 8 = 400 cook­ies left

600 — 400 = 200 cook­ies

 

7–  $13.50

5 small tow­els + 6 big tow­els –>  $34.50

6 small tow­els + 5 bog tow­els –>  $34.50 — $4 = $31.50

11 small tow­els + 11 big tow­els –>  $34.50 + $31.50 = $66

1 small towel + 1 big towel –> $66/ 11 = $6

5 small tow­els + 5 big tow­els –>  $6 × 5 = $30

1 big towel –> $34.50 — $30 = $4.50

$4.50 × 3 = $13.50

Con­tinue read­ing

Primary 4 CA2 Revision 3

P4-CA2-Ex 3

Ans:

1–  376 women
Qn 1

 
11u –> 2068

1u –> 188

188 × 2 = 376 women

 

2–  $49

Cost of 25 crates of apples –>  $58 × 25 = $1450

Cost of 3 crates of oranges —  $1597 — $1450 = $147

$147 ÷ 3 = $49

 

3–  $17

Cost of 6.5 kg of prawns –>  $24 × 6.5 kg = $156

Cost of 2 kg of fish –>  $190 — $156 = $34

$34 ÷ 2 = $17 

Con­tinue read­ing

Primary 6 Prelims Revision 9

P6-Prelims-Ex 9

Ans:

1– $45

Julian –> 1u

Fred­er­ick –> 2u

Mar­cus –> 6u

5u –> $25

1u –> $5

$5 × 9u = $45

 

2–  16 more tricycles

Assume all are tri­cy­cles –> 56 × 3 = 168 wheels

168 — 148 = 20 wheels extra

Each bicy­cle has 1 lesser wheel than each tricycle.

There­fore, 20 ÷ 1 = 20 bicycles

56 — 20 00= 36 tricycles

36 — 20 = 16 more tri­cy­cles than bicycles

 

3–  $44

4–  22.5 km/h faster

Mar­cus’ speed –>  270 /4 = 67.5 km/h

Mar­cus’ new speed –>  270/3 = 90 km/h

90 km/h — 67.5 km/h = 22.5 km/h faster

 

5–  396 boys

Girls –>  1u × 5 = 5u

Boys –>  (1u + 16) × 3 = 3u + 48

8u + 48 –>  976 pupils

8u –> 928

1u –> 116

116 × 3 + 48 = 396 boys

 

6–  $2945

7 hand­bags + 5 watches = 3 hand­bags + 11 watches

7 hand­bags — 3 hand­bags = 11 watches — 5 watches

4 hand­bags = 6 watches

6 watches –>  $285 × 4 = $1140

1 watch –>  $1140 ÷ 6 = $190

$285 × 7 + $190 × 5 = $2945

 

7–  300 stick­ers

Maxwell –> 100%

Jeanet­ter –> 120%

20/100 × 120% = 24%

120%  - 24% = 96% left

96% –>  288 stickers

1% — 3 stickers

3 × 100 = 300 stick­ers

 

8–  153 cm

17 + 13 = 30 cm — 3 pieces

1 piece –>  10 cm

14 × 10 cm + 13 cm = 153 cm

Con­tinue read­ing

Primary 6 Prelims Revision 3

P6-Prelims-Ex 3

Ans:

1–  3 : 12 : 17

2–  4.95 cm

Length of the tank –>  180 cm³ ÷ 12 edges = 15 cm

33/100 × 15% = 4.95 cm

 

3–  100 balls

Total units of balls –>  5u + 4u = 9u

Units of balls in each bag in the end –>  9u/2 = 4.5u

5u — 4.5u = 0.5u —>  10 balls

1u –>  10 × 2 = 20 balls

20 × 5u = 100 balls

 

4–  540 km

5–  $24

1 blouse –> 1u

1 pair of jeans –>  1u + $12

3 pairs of jeans + 4 blouses –>  (1u + $12) × 3 + 4u = 7u + $36

7u + $36 -> $204

7u –>  $204 — $36 = $168

1u –>  $24

 

6–  891 beads

Red : Blue + Green
4   : 5

Blue : Green
3    :    8     –> 11u

Adjust the units for the blue and green beads such that they are the same in both cases.

Com­mon mul­ti­ple of 5 and 11 is 55u

There­fore,

Red  :  Blue + Green
44   : 55

Blue  :  Green
15   : 40

Red  :  Blue  :  Green
44 :    15   : 40

44u — 40u = 4u –>  36 beads

1u –>  9 beads

44u + 55u = 99u —->  9 beads × 99 = 891 beads

Con­tinue read­ing

Primary 2 Whole Numbers Level 3 Ex 2

P2-Whole Numbers-L3-Ex 2

Ans:

1–  8 mark­ers

 

2–  8 stamps

3–  569 stick­ers

4–  776 stamps

5–  40 pupils

Qn 5

Num­ber of girls –> 30 ÷ 3 = 10

30 + 10 = 40 pupils

 

6–  9 beads

Total num­ber of beads they had –>  76 + 45 = 121

130 — 121 = 9 beads

 

7–  720 stick­ers

Num­ber of stick­ers Tanya has –>  341 + 38 = 379

379 + 341 = 720 stick­ers

 

8–  537 stamps

Primary 6 SA1 Revision 12

P6-SA1-Ex 12

Ans:

1–  175

2–  $43.50

70% of the price –>  $101.50

30% –>  $101.50/70 × 30 = $43.50

 

3–  (3+ 6) kg

Alan’s mass ->  (+ 3) kg

Nicholas’ mass ->  (m + 3) — 2 = (+ 1) kg

Brett’s mass ->  (+ 1) + 1 = (+ 2) kg

(m + 3) + (+ 1) + (+ 2) = (3+ 6) kg

 

4–  195 km

1  1/2 h× 80 km/h = 120 km

45/60 h × 100 km/h = 75 kg

120 km + 75 km = 195 km

 

5–  $6441.60

Earn­ings in Jan­u­ary –>  122/100 × $6000 = $7320

Earn­ings in Feb­ru­ary –>  88/100 × $7320 = $6441.60

 

6–  30 peo­ple

Frac­tion of men  –>  30/100 = 3/10 = 9/30

Frac­tion of men if 10 women alighted –>  45/100 = 9/20

Women –>  30u — 9u = 21u

20u — 9u = 11u

10u –>  10 women

30 u –>  30 people

Con­tinue read­ing

Primary 2 Whole Numbers Level 3 Ex 1

P2-Whole Numbers-L3-Ex 1

Ans:

1–  241 mar­bles

2–  538 stamps

Num­ber of stamps Irene has –>  325 — 112 = 213

325 + 213 = 538 stamps

 

3–  202 mar­bles

4–  40 pupils

5–  30 apples

Num­ber of apples in each bas­ket –>  2 + 3 = 5

5 × 6 = 30 apples

Con­tinue read­ing

Primary 3 Whole Numbers Level 3 Ex 4

P3-Whole Numbers-L3-Ex 4

Ans:

1–  4200 beads

Qn 1

Num­ber of beads Jen­nifer has –>  1866 + 468 = 2334

2334 + 1866 = 4200 beads

 

2–  195 steps

3–  67 cook­ies

4–  a –>  1277 men   ,   b ->  1085 more men

Num­ber of men who par­tic­i­pated –>  1277 — 89 = 1188

Num­ber of women who par­tic­i­pated –>  123 — 20 = 103

1188 — 103 =1085 more men 

 

5–  5460 stick­ers 

Num­ber of months from Feb­ru­ary to Octo­ber –> 9

9 × 20 = 180 more than January

5280 + 180 = 5460 stick­ers

 

6–  $712

Total amount of money Melody and Lisa have –>  $2835 + $4259 = $7094

Amount of money each of them has in the end –>  $7094 ÷ 2 = $3547

$4259 — $3547 = $712

Con­tinue read­ing

Primary 5 October Problem Sums 5

P5-PSP-Oct-Ex5

Ans:

1–  $6588

2–  2400 cm³

Amount of water at first –>  4/5 × 30 cm × 20 cm × 30 cm = 14 400 cm³

Amount of water in the end –>  2/3 × 30 cm × 20 cm × 30 cm = 12 000 cm³

14 400 cm³ — 12 000 cm³ = 2400 cm³

 

3–  38 mar­bles

Qn 3

2u –>  96 — 60 = 36

Barry –>  36 ÷ 2 = 18 marbles

Joe –>  60 — 18 = 42 marbles

Tom –>  18 × 3 = 54 marbles

Total –> 54 + 42 + 18= 114 marbles

114 ÷ 3 = 38 mar­bles

 

4–  Cup Y —  160 ml    ,   Cup Z —  60 ml

Y   :   Z
8   : 3

8u + 3 = 11u

11u ÷ 2 = 5.5u

8u — 5.5u = 2.5u

2.5u –>  50 ml

1u –>  20 ml

Cup Y –>  20 ml × 8u = 160 ml

Cup Z –>  20 ml × 3 = 60 ml

 

5–  $651.80

Qn 5

2u –>  $1505 — $201.40 = $1303.60

$1303.60 ÷ 2 = $651.80

 

6–  $15.50

Qn 6

 

2u–  $108 — $71 = $37

1u —  $18.50

Megan –> $18.50 × 3 = $55.50

$71 — $55.50 = $15.50

Con­tinue read­ing

Primary 5 Volume Level 3 Ex 2

P5-Volume-L3-Ex 2

Ans:

1–  32 768 cm³ 32.768 l

3/4 — 5/8 = 1/8 poured out

1/8 × 64 cm × 64 cm × 64 cm = 32 768 cm³ / 32.768 l

 

2–  16 800 cm³16.8 l

3–  300 ml

4/5 — 1/2 = 3/10 filled

3/10 × 10 cm × 10 cm × 10 cm = 300 cm³ = 300 ml

 

4–  720 ml

8 cm — 5 cm = 3 cm

Amount of water poured out –>  40 cm × 30 cm × 3 cm = 3600 cm³

3600 cm³ ÷ 5 = 720 cm³ = 720 ml

 

5–  25 cm

Length   :   Breadth
4        : 1

4u — 1u = 3u

3u –>  6 cm

1u –>  2 cm –>  breadth

Length –>  2 cm × 4 = 8 cm

Base area –>  2 cm × 8 cm = 16 cm²

400 ÷ 16 = 25 cm

 

6–  17.5 cm

1600 cm³ ÷ 640 cm² = 2.5 cm

2.5 cm + 15 cm = 17.5 cm

Con­tinue read­ing